Giles Early or Earley lived with the Gray family for at least eight years.
He first appears with the family in Norton, Kansas, on the 1875 state census, where he is listed as J. Earley, 7 (born c. 1868), Male, White. According to this census, Early was born in Minnesota and came to Kansas from that state, so he did not come with the Grays from Illinois.
He’s still there in 1880, age 10 or 11 (born c. 1869 or 1870) listed as Early Giles with Gray Nathan, Gray Sarah, Gray Alice, and Gray Addie. He is shown on that census as born in Illinois, his father born in Ohio and his mother in Pennsylvania, same as Alice and Addie. The earlier census is probably more accurate about his place of birth.
He is mentioned in family letters – “I don’t know where Giles went, he is as lazy as ever.” (Ella to JK, 13 Jan 1883; he would have been around 14). Two years later, he’s gone. He is not with the Grays on the 1885 state census, and I can’t find him elsewhere, nor can I find a death record. Who was he and why was he raised by the Grays?
Thomas Albert Gray recalls that a man named Early worked for the family in Millet, another clue that perhaps the families are related in some way.
Posted on December 31st, 2014 No comments
My little Christmas present, a Cheerson CX-10 quadcopter, arrived today from Hong Kong. It was only about $25 CAD from www.banggood.com and included free shipping.
My first impression on opening the package was, “Man, that’s small!” At 4.4 cm square, it is tiny indeed. When it came out
(spring 2014) this tiny toy was said to be the world’s smallest full-function quadcopter, and it may still hold that distinction.
Despite its small size, it has full control over throttle (up/down), yaw (rotate), pitch (forward/backward) and roll (left/right) along with three operating modes (beginner/sport/expert).
It’s fun to fly, and seems tough enough to take the inevitable smacks into walls, ceiling, and furniture that is involved with learning to fly. By my fifth charge, I had it set for a stable hover, and was beginning training flights (forward and back, left and right, “walk the dog”, fly over and land on the sofa, etc.)
It’s a good trainer for the larger and more costly quad and tricopter I’m building.
Posted on December 19th, 2014 No comments
Got another one of those emails filled with “statistics” of dubious value. With accurate information from reputable sources so readily available online, it always amazes me that people will make up — and believe, and forward — shit like this.
read all the statistics under the photo.
This has only been 104 years ago…Amazing!!!
Show this to your friends, children and/or grandchildren!
The year is 1910, over one hundred years ago. What a difference a century makes!
Here are some statistics for the Year 1910:
(applies to the USA)
These “stats” are designed to make you nod and say, “Wow, I didn’t know that!”. But DO you know that? Are the “facts” that come in an anonymous, unsourced email accurate?
The average life expectancy for men was 47 years. Google “US Life expectancy 1910″ for the surprising answer.
Fuel for this car was sold in drug stores only. [False]. “The first public gasoline servers were simply called filling stations. They were just curbside hand pumps, and they began appearing in 1907…. The gas station started taking shape around 1910. By 1920 it was well-defined. It was a small building with gas pumps in front. But it also offered supplies — tires, batteries, and oil. It offered simple services — lube jobs and tire patching.” http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi975.htm
Only 14 percent of the homes had a bathtub. Depends on what you mean by “bathtub”, I guess. Up to the early 1950s, people bathed in a large copper or galvanized steel tub. It was still a bathtub!
Only 8 percent of the homes had a telephone. Could be.
There were only 8,000 cars and only 144 miles of paved roads. False, and ridiculously so, but look it up yourself. In 1910 alone, Henry Ford built and sold almost 20,000 cars! http://www.greatachievements.org/?id=3786 gives the total number of vehicles on US roads in 1910. People who write these emails got no brains and do no research. You got brains, so do a little research, find out how many miles of roads were paved (and be careful how you define “paved”: does it include macadam, brick, cobbles, etc.?) in 1910.
The maximum speed limit in most cities was 10 mph. I think whoever wrote this reworked an email about 1850.
The tallest structure in the world was the Eiffel Tower ! [True!] If you google “world’s tallest building 1910″ you’ll get a different answer — but the Eiffel Tower is not considered a building. Do you know what is the tallest structure in the world today?
The average US wage in 1910 was 22 cents per hour.
Check the wages and prices here: http://usa.usembassy.de/etexts/his/e_prices1.htm. Or for some really detailed data, try http://libraryguides.missouri.edu/c.php?g=28284&p=174165.
The average US worker made between $200 and $400 per year. At $0.22 hr, that’s a not lot of hours each week (about 18 hours a week for fifty weeks gives $200 annually, in a time when the average work week was 45 hours). The math doesn’t work — try it! A lot of part-time work and unemployment? Other sources disagree with these figures.
A competent accountant could expect to earn $2000 per year,
A dentist $2,500 per year, a veterinarian between $1,500 and $4,000 per year,
And a mechanical engineer about $5,000 per year.
More than 95 percent of all births took place at HOME. Perhaps many women would prefer to have a home birth rather than a hospital birth (and potential exposure to superbugs) — but are they given much choice? I wonder what the infant survival rate was in 1910, compared to 2014, and the cost of a birth in 1910 vs 2014.
Ninety percent of all Doctors had NO COLLEGE EDUCATION!
Instead, they attended so-called medical schools,
Many of which were condemned in the press AND the government as ‘substandard.’ Yeah, the history of modern medicine is a fascinating topic!
Sugar cost four cents a pound.
Eggs were fourteen cents a dozen.
Coffee was fifteen cents a pound.
Check those prices — are they accurate? The figures are readily available online.
Then compare prices with the average hourly wage. How long did a man have to work in 1910 at $0.22/hr to buy a dozen eggs and a pound of coffee? About an hour and twenty minutes. With coffee at $10 a pound and eggs at $2 a dozen (in my corner of Alberta, anyway) a minimum-wage employee– US average 7.25/hr as of Jan 1, 2014–works about 1 hour and forty minutes. . If anything we’ve lost ground.
BTW, The average income is skewed upwards by all the millionaires and billionaires, then and now; the median income or modal income are more accurate measures.
Most women only washed their hair once a month, [not sure how you'd prove THAT!] and used Borax or egg yolks for shampoo.
There was no such thing as under arm deodorant or tooth paste. Google “toothpaste invented” or “invention of toothpaste” and find out the truth about toothpaste in seconds! Do the same for underarm deodorant.
Canada passed a law that prohibited poor people from entering into the country for any reason. [False? True?] The immigration act of 1910 introduced a measure by which all immigrants to Canada would have to possess at least $25 upon landing as a way of proving to government officials that they weren’t destitute. Do we have similar provisions today, to prevent destitute immigrants from becoming “a burden on society” and sucking up resources best devoted to Canadian citizens?
The five leading causes of death were:
1. Pneumonia and influenza
4. Heart disease
Probably true. The influenza epidemic of 1911 apparently killed more people than died in WW1. Check it out for yourself.
The American flag had 45 stars. Could be.
The population of Las Vegas Nevada was only 30! False
A search of the 1910 census for Las Vegas NV gives 3,333 residents in the census district (I didn’t bother to check municipal figures). Demographia gives the population as 2000 in 1910. Las Vegas was incorporated as a city in 1911, with a vote of 168 for and 57 against (total 225). Either number is a far cry from the 30 given in the email.
Crossword puzzles [false], canned beer [true], and iced tea [false] hadn’t been invented yet. The first crosswords appeared in England during the 19th century, says this site. The first beer was available in cans beginning in 1935. “Seen as a novelty at first, during the 1870s [iced tea] became quite widespread. Not only did recipes appear in print, but iced tea was offered on hotel menus, and was on sale at railroad stations. Its popularity rapidly increased after Richard Blechynden introduced it at the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis.” ~ Wikipedia
There was no Mother’s Day (sort of false, sort of true; the first was in Virginia in 1908 but it didn’t receive national recognition until 1914) or Father’s Day (likewise, also started in Virginia in 1908 and celebrated in various places until 1910, but only went national in the 1930s)
Two out of every 10 adults couldn’t read or write [false] and only 6 percent of all Americans had graduated from high school.
This is easy to check by census data, which recorded the self-reported ability to read or write. According to the NAAL, the 1910 illiteracy rate of persons over 14 was 7.7%. That is roughly 8 of a hundred (2 out of 10 would be 20 out of a hundred) at a time when a person of 14 was expected to do a day’s work as an adult. In 1910 a “good” education was Grade 6 to 8 and higher education was frequently unavailable or unaffordable, so the number graduating from high school may not be relevant.
Eighteen percent of households had at least one full-time servant or domestic help. Oddly enough, this may be true. My genealogical work shows that in the 1800s most farm families of any substance had a house servant and one or more “hired hands” as farm helpers. Not sure about 1910.
There were about 230 reported murders in the ENTIRE U.S.A. ! [false]
I’ve seen similar nostalgically low figures in other emails–we want to believe that times were gentler then. Sorry! Not so. Several Internet sources report a homicide rate in 1910 of 4.6 per 100,000. (Google “1910 homicide rate”). The U.S. census of 1910 reported a U.S. population of 92,228,496. Simple arithmetic reveals a homicide number of 4,242 for that year.
(yes, people have changed)
Oh, maybe not. Gossip still abounds, and people still regard the past with rose-colored glasses – but today people gleefully spread falsehoods to all their friends with the click of a Forward button!
I guess people just want to believe that “things were better then” and are too lazy to seek the facts. So I’ve done some of this for you. Enjoy.
Hey — before you forward this to everybody, why not check out one more of the “facts” in the list?
Posted on November 12th, 2014 No comments
My son and daughter-in-law have an obese feline that they call Goose.
So a few days ago, Beck was on facebook and mused, “Christmas is coming, The Goose is getting fat.” And if we eat her for Christmas dinner, I won’t have to clean her litter every morning.
I sent her a link to Cat Recipes, a spoof site. Another friend said, “Eeewwweee Tom! LOL Don’t encourage her!”
The exchange continued:
Rebecca – There are instructions about carving turkeys, but we might have to initiate one about carving cats.Rebecca – I was thinking the other night if she’d taste good with cranberry sauce and what kind of gravy her au jus would make. Also, with what does one season a cat and is there a recommended wine to go with her?
Tom – A cat, like a rabbit, is not carved, but dismembered. A cat may be seasoned in a variety of ways; follow wild game recipes, especially those for small game such as rabbit or squirrel. A simple recipe for Beer Roasted Cat, along with suggestions for skinning and butchering, may be found at http://www.ooze.com/ooze13/cats.html. Don’t go there if squeamish.
Now for wine, may I suggest Cat’s Pee on a Gooseberry Bush, by Cooper’s Creek Vineyards of New Zealand — an aromatic and flavorful sauvignon blanc. You might also like Sally Cat Pinot Noir, or Tom Cat Merlot, by the same vintner, or Fat Cat Chardonnay by Fat Cat Cellars of California. Since cat meat tends to be dark and strongly flavored, you might prefer the merlot, though an aged pinot noir, with its vegetal and barnyard aromas, might well complement a vintage, fat-marbled cat.
To be continued?
Posted on November 5th, 2014 No comments
A while back I spoke about the desire to look professional, at least by having good quality equipment.
When I was calling the “hoedown in a cow pasture” for Trek 2014, one of the Trek staff had a pair of good-quality wireless mics that proved very useful for teaching. I could walk out in the middle of the group and continue to teach or call. Because there were two mics, I was able to use one and one of the hoedown organizers had the other for announcements and information.
Other callers, among them my mentors Jerry Jestin, Murray Few, Wayne Russell and many others, also use wireless mics, often in preference to their Hilton corded microphones. The advantage of the latter, when used with Hilton Audio sound equipment, is that the instructor can turn down the music volume from the mic holder, instead of having to return to the stage to adjust the music. A wireless mic lets the caller more easily “stride the stage” and move among the dancers.
Although I have a wireless headset mic that I bought at my second caller school in 2010, it’s not all that comfortable and isn’t really a great mic. I use it when I need to dance and call at the same time.
At any rate, when I rented my Bose L1 Compact from Long & McQuade Music in Edmonton, I also checked out their selection of wireless mics and spoke to the salesman about the pros and cons of UHF vs VHF, benefits and hazards (interference, for one) of wireless mics. Then I went to kijiji and ebay to see what I could find. Nothing on mobile porn kijiji, but lots of choices on ebay. I chose what looked like a good unit from an importer in BC, a two-mic UHF set with 200 channels, for $168 CAD delivery included. The same unit, two weeks later, is now priced at $222 CAD. Similar units at Long & McQuade were over $500.
Tried it out in the garage and liked it; used it at my lesson on Tuesday and liked it. I had to really dial down the bass frequencies and cut a bit of mid-range to suit the students with hearing aids (otherwise, I like it with the bass and a bit of reverb, think it sounds great!) Only problem is that I’m used to holding my old mic in one hand and the cord in the other. With the wireless mic, I really have to fight not to put my free hand in my pocket!
Next, since it was clear that the cardboard box it came in wouldn’t survive more than a week of use, I started searching online for a case for the system. Looked at a bunch of really pricey road boxes. Ouch. Then I noticed someone selling a big old VHS video camera with a case, and it occurred to me that I had such a case sitting under my workbench in the garage. Aha!
A little foam trimming with a sharp utility knife and voilà, the packing fit and now I have a plastic case for the mic set that is sturdy and — in my opinion — looks professional.
Sometimes things just work out.
Posted on October 25th, 2014 No comments
Last Tuesday was the first lesson in our new square dance group at Devon, Alberta. I’d rented a Bose L1 Compact hentai porn to play with, and this was a good opportunity to test it out.
To my surprise, when I turned down the music and was greeting the dancers, I could hear what sounded like a football game coming over the L1. It was faint, and people could hear my voice fine, but they could also hear the radio. We ignored it for the first part of the lesson, because when the music was playing, we couldn’t hear it much.
During the lesson, I noticed that when I shut the mic off, the radio sound quit. Aha! At the first break, I changed to a shorter mic cord. No more game in the background.
I later asked the guy at Long & McQuade, where I had rented the Bose, and he said that it sometimes happened. Could have been coming from the power in the building, and plugging into a different receptacle might have helped; could have been a cross-wired mic cord, and I could check the connections (did that when I got home, all okay); but changing the cord showed that the first cord was just the right length to be an antenna and pull in the radio signal.
Would never have dreamed that could happen — but at least I had a spare cord and was able to fix the issue quickly and still look fairly professional.
Posted on October 20th, 2014 No comments
My square dance sound system was a freebie, donated by a retired caller, and I was grateful to receive it four years ago when I was just starting out. It’s an old Hilton Micro 75A turntable/amp, with a stacked speaker, manufactured around 1980.
The Hilton is still in fair shape (after I added a new needle, blew out the dust, replaced a weak capacitor, serviced the turntable, cleaned the crackly potentiometers…. Free usually comes with a price!)
The speaker cabinet had clearly seen better days. The corners are chipped, and somebody saw fit to install the mesh over the speakers with hot glue. Works okay after I rewired the out-of-phase speakers, but looks like hell. I bought some metal box ends to cover the bashed corners, which shaped it up somewhat.
This was a great unit to learn on, and served me well for the first year. I continued to use it as an amp even after I converted my 45 rpm records to MP3 a year later. But even so, I’m thinking that the old equipment looks a bit crude. It was good technology in its day, with celebrity porn solid-state digital circuitry, but it’s almost forty years old. Modern equipment is lighter and more efficient.
Sure, a good caller with old equipment is still a good caller, and a bad caller with good equipment is still a bad caller, but an old caller with old equipment just looks dated. There is something to be said for at least looking professional.
A couple of callers in our area have moved to the Bose L1 Compact. A single unit is supposed to provide sound for 100 to 150 people. The L1C includes a woofer, a two-channel amp with presets for microphone and line/guitar, gives out a tremendous volume of sound (though my son, who is in the home theatre business, argues that Bose speakers are weak in the mid-range), covers almost 180 degrees from a single speaker column, and is resistant to feedback even when the caller and mic stand right in front of the speakers. And it weighs about 15 kg in two small packages.
So I’m going to buy a little mixer and rent a couple of the Bose L1 units to use at the Trek 2014 Reunion Hoedown I’m calling on October 25.
Posted on October 19th, 2014 No comments
Wow! It’s been busy! Last week we had 18 registered for the Intro to Square Dance in Devon. Of those, 15 came (we heard from the other three, who unfortunately couldn’t make it). Of that 15, I think 12 have signed up for lessons. Check out the Meetup page or my Schedule for more information about the lessons.
Then today, another new caller, Alan Ellis, and I took part in a Callers Without Clubs dance at SEESA from 1:00 to 4:00. It was a good dance and a good practice that gave me a better awareness of my strengths and weaknesses and what I need to work on to improve.
Posted on October 5th, 2014 No comments
Mixer arrived, Alesis Multimix8USBFX from Axe Music in Edmonton, $150 with free shipping. Good deal. Having fun playing with all the settings. A bit disappointed in the effects, which are more limited than I expected: many of the settings sound identical. Maybe they’ll be better with the Bose?
Posted on September 27th, 2014 No comments
I added an event on Facebook. First time!
Took me a while to find it on my page. I’ll make it easy: Go HERE